England’s greatest playwright and poet, William Shakespeare’s creations are considered to be the greatest in the history of English Language
William Wordsworth Shakespeare is an era to live. Till date, noted theatre festivals honour his creations, students continue to memorise his poems and scholars are in the race to interpret the texts created by him. This is the magic that this great poet holds.
Famously known as an eminent poet, playwright and a great dramatist, he continues to inspire the English language years after his existence. Born to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden Shakespeare, William Shakespeare was baptised in Stratford on April 26, 1564. He was the third child to his parents. Divulging details about the life of this celebrated poet, several mysteries surround his education. Though no records of his education survive, several facts state him to be educated at the King Edward VI Grammar School in Stratford, where he learned Latin and a little Greek and read the Roman dramatists. At 18, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman who was around seven or eight years older than him.
Later on, by 1952, he took to the stage and penned down playwrights on geography, culture and diverse personalities of London. A little ahead in years, he wrote plays that captured the complete range of human emotions and conflict. Shakespeare wrote more than thirty plays divided into four categories: history, comedy, tragedy and romance. His earliest plays were primarily comedies and histories such as Henry VI and The Comedy of Errors, but in 1596, Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet, his second tragedy and over the next dozen years he returned to the form, writing the plays for which he is now best known: Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth and Antony and Cleopatra. Till now, these are considered as the finest work of English language. In his final years, Shakespeare turned to the romantic side with Cymbeline, A Winter’s Tale and The Tempest.
Shakespeare invented large number of words in his plays and poems with the combination of Latin, French and native roots. It is believed that he has influenced the English language more than any other writer in history. His work was popular in number of villages, cities and metropolises for more than 400 years. His plays are translated into every major language of the world and performed more than any other playwright.
Sometime after 1612, Shakespeare retired from the stage and returned to his home in Stratford. There came an end to this era when he died on April 23, 1616, at the age of 52 of unknown causes.
Even after decades of his non-existence, William Wordsworth Shakespeare is still alive in our language, timeless playwrights and beautiful poetry from his collection.
Written By: Utsav Das